We have scars as a result of skin lesions caused by various accidents, surgeries or skin diseases. Sometimes these scars, due to their appearance, can affect the aesthetics of the face and diminish a person’s self-esteem.
Next, let’s focus on how to improve scar skin. We will explore various dermatological methods that can help us regenerate the skin and improve its appearance.
A scar, although it may look like a wound, is actually the result of the body’s natural healing. This process begins when connective tissue replaces damaged tissue. We know it is a scar because this new skin has a different color and texture, precisely because it is new skin. These scars can have different sizes, shapes and textures. The wound, the depth and the healing process all play a role.
Care to regenerate scarred skin
Scar skin regeneration is a complex process that can benefit from specialized dermatological approaches as well as complementary natural methods.
Basic healing care
Proper care of a scar from the beginning can aid in its regeneration. Here are some basic guidelines to follow:
- Keep the scar clean and dry.
- Avoid scratching or rubbing the scar.
- Protect the scar from direct exposure to the sun, using sunscreen, sunglasses, hats, etc.
- Moisturize the surrounding skin with creams or lotions, under the supervision of a dermatologist.
In addition to these cares, there are complementary ways that can help in the regeneration of the skin of the scars:
- Gentle massage of the skin surrounding the scar can result in improved blood circulation and skin flexibility, promoting tissue regeneration. Natural oils such as coconut oil can be used to facilitate gliding.
- Silicone: Silicone sheets or gels can be applied over the scar to improve its appearance. They help maintain hydration and reduce excessive collagen production. There are not many studies demonstrating the efficacy of silicone. However, those that do exist highlight the good results obtained in reducing the thickness of the scar.
Techniques to regenerate the skin of scars
Regeneration of scar skin is a gradual process that requires time and patience. In addition to basic care, advances in dermatology have now provided a variety of options for improving the appearance of scars.
Depending on each, we can opt for:
- Laser therapy: can stimulate collagen production in the skin, smoothing the appearance of the scar. Depending on the nature of the scar, different types of lasers can be used, such as fractionated CO2 laser, pulsed dye laser (PDL) or erbium laser.
- Microdermabrasion: is a technique that uses fine particles to remove the outer layers of the skin. In this way, it promotes the growth of new, smoother skin. It is effective on superficial scars and may require several sessions to obtain optimal results.
- Radiofrequency: this technology uses electromagnetic energy to heat the deeper layers of the skin, stimulating collagen production. It can improve the appearance of scars, smoothing the texture and decreasing their visibility.
- Electroporation: through the use of low intensity electrical pulses, small temporary openings are created in the outer layer of the skin, allowing the introduction of the active ingredients. This is the best weapon to use active ingredients that act directly under the wound to regenerate the skin and improve the appearance of scars.
- Corticosteroid injections: in some cases, keloid or hypertrophic scars can be treated with corticosteroid injections. These injections help reduce the swelling and redness of the scar, improving its appearance.
- Scar revision surgery: in some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct some scars. But only in cases where the scar is prominent or extensive. During this procedure, the previous scar is removed and the skin is sutured back together, promoting more favorable healing and an improved appearance.
Natural approach to regeneration
There are other natural approaches that can help in the regeneration of scar skin:
- Aloe vera is a plant known for its soothing and skin regenerating properties. Applying aloe vera gel to the scar can help reduce inflammation, moisturize the skin and stimulate cell regeneration.
- Some essential oils have beneficial properties for the skin and can help in the regeneration of scars. For example, rosehip oil and lavender oil have traditionally been used to improve the appearance of scars. They can be applied directly on the scar or diluted in a carrier oil before use.
- Diet, as almost always, also helps to maintain the health of the skin and, therefore, that of the scars. A balanced and nutritious diet can contribute to overall skin health, including scar regeneration. It is recommended to consume foods rich in vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, such as fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, whole grains and healthy fats. These nutrients provide the building blocks necessary for collagen production and cell regeneration.
It is important to keep in mind that each scar and each person is unique, so it is best to seek the guidance of a dermatologist who specializes in scars.
In addition, it is essential to maintain realistic expectations, as some scars may not disappear completely, but may significantly improve in appearance.