What is cosmetics?
Cosmetics is the discipline that studies the effect of cosmetics on the superficial parts of the human body.
Although today the cosmetics industry represents a great economic value, it is a very old discipline. In ancient China it was used with religious implications. In Egypt, Greece and Rome it was also used as a medication.
In the European Union, cosmetics are regulated by Regulation (EU) 1223/2009, which defines cosmetics as “cosmetics”. Any substance or mixture intended to be placed in contact with the superficial parts of the human body. (epidermis, hair and capillary system, nails, lips and external genital organs) or with the teeth and oral mucous membranes, with the exclusive or main purpose of cleaning them, perfuming them, modifying their appearance, protecting them, keeping them in good condition or correcting body odors”.
In addition, in Spain those issues not covered by the European regulations are included in Royal Decree 85/2018.
The main purpose of cosmetics is to attenuate, modify, protect, cleanse, cleanse, heal or correct skin, hair or body odors.
What is a cosmetic?
Within cosmetics, we can find different industries. There are hygienic, hair, facial, body and perfume cosmetics.
Although we usually associate cosmetics with facial or body care creams and make-up, the truth is that many other products fall within the definition.
Some of them are:
- All creams, serums, lotions, gels and oils
- Hair dyes
- Shaving products
- Tanning products
- Oral care
- Hair cleaning products
- Prepared for bathing
In view of the above, we can classify cosmetics according to their composition and form, place of application and purpose.
- According to composition:
- Dissplutions: perfumes and deodorants.
- Emulsions: these are cleansing milks and creams.
- Foams: such as hair or beard hair products.
- Gels: for shaving, waxing or moisturizing.
- Sprays: powder makeup
- Solids: these are soaps and eye make-up, lipstick or powder.
- Suspensions: within this group we find the following fluid make-ups
- Depending on the place of application:
- Buccal mucosa
- According to their purpose:
- Body odor correction
- Improve appearance
In recent years, the importance of natural cosmetics has grown, whose main characteristic is that they do not use chemical products in their production, which, in principle, would help to protect the skin and the environment.
These cosmetics are made with natural ingredients. Nor does it use animals for cosmetics testing and exploration.