Catecholamines

What are catecholamines?

Adrenaline, noradrenaline and dopamine are catecholamine hormones. They are synthesized from the amino acid tyrosine and produced by the adrenal glands.

These hormones are released into the bloodstream from physical or emotional stress. That is, they are the ones that prepare the body to react to situations of stress or fear.

Among other functions and consequences, catecholamines produce an increase in heart rate, blood pressure, energy consumption, improve oxygen delivery, and dilate the pupils.

Catecholamines in aesthetic processes

We know that hormones play a very important role in the generation of cellulite, especially in women.

Catecholamine hormones participate, together with estrogens and thyroid hormones, in the cellulite process.

Emotional disorders (stress and anxiety) produce an increase in catecholamines, hormones which, in the case of adrenaline and noradrenaline, in high concentrations, can stimulate or inhibit lipolysis. In fact, adrenaline is the hormone with the highest lipolytic activity in the body.

The effect of catecholamines on adipose tissue will depend on
the activated beta or alpha receptor.

When these hormones bind to the beta-2 receptor, lipolysis, which is the breakdown of triglycerides, is activated. However, when they bind to alpha-2 receptors, lipogenesis is activated.

In principle, if vascular dilation is activated through the secretion of catecholamines, circulation and oxygenation of the treated area is improved, which favors the production of elastin and collagen and, therefore, an improvement in the skin.